1977 Narrative

The Channels of the Spring

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The areas to the west and east of the wall were excavated separately. To the west, the archaeological materials from below the top of the wall were all Archaic in date. We thought at the time that this represented the fill, built up over time, of the area between the temenos walls of the sacred Spring at the heart of the Sanctuary (which was finally revealed in 1978).

As the excavation reached virgin soil beside the monumental wall, the narrow source of the western channel appeared PZ77_b60_p27_f24_M(Fig. 4.53 [PZ77_b60_p27_f24]), and along it to the west and east to votive deposits. That to the east was in fact an especially made pit cut into the channel, and in it was the upright figure of a goddess (PZ_77.0725) with a polos (Fig. 4.55 [PZ77_725T_b18_p9_f11]) that has been dated ca. 575 BC. SPZ77_725T_b18_p9_f11_Mhe was surrounded by miniature votive vessels. The more extensive area on the west side of the channel (Fig. 4.56 [PZ77_b60_p29_f20A]) was in fact a votive deposit (see PZ_77.1101) with Archaic material of 6th-century BC date and a unique fragment of an olla of indigenous fabrication (see PZ_4826); votives came from the same context, a miniature skyphos and two phialai). PZ77_b60_p29_f20A_MThis is one of the few sites so far explored that offers well-documented proof that a Greek sanctuary in the chora was frequented also by the indigenous inhabitants. It should have come as no surprise.